Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Perfect

 

The present perfect always relates the past to the present. This can be through the unfinished past, where we're expressing duration, such as 'I have played football for 10 years,' the indefinite past expressing experience in your life, such as 'I have been to Italy and Spain,' and also to show the present results of a past action 'I have broken my leg.' I broke it in the past and it remains broken in the present. Our final present tense is the present perfect continuous tense. Our example sentence here 'I have been playing football for 10 years' has the structure subject plus auxiliary verb 'have' or 'has' and then a second auxiliary verb here 'being' plus 'verb-ing'; 'I have been playing.' Very much like the present perfect tense, the present perfect continuous relates the past to the present but more focused on the continuity or the duration of the action. It can also be used to express the unfinished past, such as the example here 'I have been playing football for 10 years,' an action that began in the past and still continues in the present.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

The beak down and examples of what present simple, future continuous, future perfect etc was very helpful. I appreciate that we were given all the different nways of using the tenses, such as the form, affirmative, questions and negatives. Then the examples of how to formulate sentences.The content of this unit is very beneficial. It gives me a good idea of how to use the perfect methodology to explain the lesson, and how to correct the mistakes of the students. After reading it, I feel that I need to understand what the students need so I can address that to help them.To be honest, this was the toughest unit I had come so far. As a kid, you never pay attention to these detailed grammar rules and it comes naturally to you. It was like I was reading these for the first time and I have studied English all my life. I found phrasal verbs quite challenging.