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TESOL Videos - Affected vs Effected - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
This video covers the difference between 'affected' and 'effected'. As these two words have a similar pronunciation and spelling, their usage is often confused. 'Effected' means executed, produced, or brought about. On the other hand, 'affected' refers to the action of making an impact on something. Some example sentences would be: "The BP oil spill adversely affected marine wildlife in the Gulf of Mexico and surrounding areas." or "After the BP oil spill, the government effected sweeping environmental regulation." Both words are used in the past tense in these examples but can also be used in the same way in the present tense as 'affect' and 'effected'. They are also often used as a passive, such as 'was affected by...'.
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This unit has given concise information about teaching productive skills of the English language. The productive skills are speaking and writing and both are of equal importance to teach and to be able to utilize. Although being able to speak English is much more exciting and fun than the ability to write in English, both are necessary to fully understand and utilize the English language. There are many words in English that cause confusion for ESL learners, because some words are pronounced the same and may have different spelling for a different meaning or some words are spelled the same, but are pronounced differently in a different context. it is vital for a teacher to spend the appropriate amount of time offering lessons catered towards the fluency of the students' speaking and the accuracy of their writing. The teacher should try to create a need or a desire for the students to communicate and help them to maintain interest in what they're learning. The teacher can utilize different types of activities to help the students gain confidence and understanding of the material, such as controlled activities that the teacher monitors for accuracy, guided activities that the students can get more creative with, and creative communication that builds fluency and allows the students more freedom to utilize their vocabulary. With writing lessons, handwriting, spelling, layout and punctuation are the factors that are most focused on when teaching ESL learners. Writing lessons are more personal and less interactive than speaking lessons, but there are still many fun games and activities that the teacher can use to maintain excitement and motivation for the lesson.