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TESOL Videos - Elbow Room - English Idioms
The idiom "elbow room" refers to having enough room to move in or having the ability to act freely, for example: The concert was so crowded that there was hardly any elbow room at all. This means, there were so many people at the concert that you could barely move.
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A modal auxiliary verb gives information about the function of the main verb that it governs. Modals have a wide variety of communicative functions, but these functions can generally be related to a scale ranging from possibility to necessity. Modal auxiliary verbs can also be used to express different forms of formality. Using modal verbs in the past can be a bit complicated; modals with more than one meaning may express past ideas in different ways according to the meaning. Passive and Active voices is also an interesting aspect of learning grammar. With active voice, the subject, the noun that performs an action, comes before the verb. The object, the noun that receives that action of the verb, comes after the verb. In a passive sentence, the object precedes the verb and the subject follows the verb. To create such a sentence construction, a writer has to add the verb ?to be? and the preposition ?by,? if the sentence includes an object. One has to understand the usage of relative clauses and the three categories of clauses. A relative clause is a clause that usually modifies a noun or noun phrase and is introduced by a relative pronoun. A phrasal verb is commonly applied to two or three distinct but related constructions in English: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition co-occur forming a single semantic unit. This semantic unit cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts in isolation, but rather it can be taken as a whole. In other words, the meaning is non-compositional and thus unpredictable.