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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'CANOODLE' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word canoodle. This word is used as a verb and describes the action of kissing and cuddling amorously. The origin of the word is widely unknown.
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Unit 15 Evaluation and testing In this chapter we have covered: ? discussed the different reasons that students take tests, and detailed the differences between placement tests, progress tests, achievement tests, public examinations and proficiency tests. ? said that good tests are both valid and reliable - and that face validity (?looking good?) is also important. ? mentioned the fact that test design may be influenced by physical constraints (e.g. time and money). ? talked about the washback effect which can sometimes persuade teachers to work only on exam preparation with their students while ignoring general language development. We have said this is not usually a good thing. We talked about the effect of success or failure in tests on students? motivation. ? looked at examples of different test types and items including discrete test items (one thing at a time) and integrative test items (where students use a variety of language and skills); direct test items (where students are asked to do things with the language - e.g. writing a report) and indirect test items (where they are tested about the language - e.g. grammar tests). ? discussed the issue of subjectivity when it comes to marking tests and shown how marking scales can counter such subjectivity - though if they are over-detailed they may become cumbersome. ? said that when preparing tests, we need to decide what we want to test and how important each part of a test is in relation to the other parts. We said that teachers should show their tests to colleagues and try them out before using them ?for real?.