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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'SPRIGHTLY'- English Grammar
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word sprightly. This word is used to describe a person, usually a little bit older, who is full of energy.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
Unit 16: Conditionals and Reported speech Conditionals: these are sentences containing if/when which may refer to past, present and future posibilities. There are two clauses: the If clause and the Main clause. Zero conditional: Form: if/when + present tense + present tense Usage: it refers to actions and facts that are irrefutable. First conditional: Form: if/when + present simple + will (will can be replaced by a modal verb: may, might, can, should, must) Usage: it refers to a real situation in the future that is possible, probable. Second conditional: Form: if/when + past simple + would/might/could + base form Usage: it refers to a present or future unreal situation that is not true. Third conditional: Form: if/when + past perfect + would/could/might + have + past participle Usage: it refers to a hypothetical past action and a hypothetical past consequence or result. Mixed conditionals: Sometimes a second conditional clause can be combined with a third conditional clause. This refers to a hypothetical past action and the hypothetical present consequence. Form: if + past perfect + would + base form Reported speech When we want to report what others have said, many changes take place. Tenses: Present simple - Past simple Present continuous - Past continuous Present perfect - Past Perfect Present perfect continuous - Past perfect continuous Past simple - Past perfect Past continuous - Past perfect continuous Will- Would Past perfect - Past Perfect Past perfect continuous - Past perfect continuous Pronouns This-that Here-There Time Expressions Today-That day Yesterday- The day before/the previous day Tomorrow- The next day/the day after