CALP (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency)

Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) refers to the advanced language skills needed for academic success, including understanding and producing complex texts, engaging in abstract thinking, and using language for higher-order cognitive tasks. CALP takes longer to develop than Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and is crucial for learners to succeed in academic settings. In TEFL, developing CALP involves teaching subject-specific vocabulary, academic writing conventions, and critical thinking skills.