Fluency in language learning refers to the ability to speak, write, and understand a language smoothly and effortlessly. Fluency involves not only the accurate use of language structures but also the ability to communicate ideas effectively and spontaneously. It is often contrasted with accuracy, which focuses on the correct use of grammar and vocabulary. Achieving fluency requires extensive practice and exposure to the target language in meaningful contexts. Fluency development is supported by activities that promote real-time language use, such as conversations, debates, and role-plays.