Grammar-Translation Method

The Grammar-Translation Method (GTM) is a traditional language teaching approach that emphasizes the study of grammar rules and the translation of texts between the target language and the native language. GTM focuses on reading and writing skills, with less emphasis on speaking and listening. Language learners translate sentences, learn vocabulary through memorization, and study grammatical structures in detail. While GTM has been criticized for its lack of focus on communicative competence, it remains useful for developing a deep understanding of language structure and form.