Norm-Referenced Test

A norm-referenced test is an assessment designed to compare a test-taker's performance to that of a norm group, typically a representative sample of peers. The purpose is to rank students and identify relative standing within the group. Examples of norm-referenced tests include the SAT and IQ tests. In language education, norm-referenced tests can help determine a learner's proficiency level in comparison to others, identify strengths and weaknesses, and inform instructional decisions. However, these tests may not provide detailed feedback on specific language skills or learning needs.