Prewriting is the initial stage of the writing process where writers plan and organize their ideas before drafting. This stage involves brainstorming, outlining, researching, and gathering information. Prewriting activities help writers clarify their thoughts, establish a purpose, and structure their work. In language education, prewriting exercises might include mind mapping, listing, free writing, and discussing ideas with peers. Effective prewriting sets the foundation for a coherent and well-organized piece of writing.