Reduction refers to the phenomenon in spoken language where sounds, syllables, or words are pronounced less fully or distinctly, often to make speech more fluid and natural. Examples include contractions (e.g., "gonna" for "going to") and elisions (e.g., "fish 'n' chips" for "fish and chips"). Understanding and practicing reductions is important for language learners to achieve more natural and fluent speech and to improve their listening comprehension. Teaching reduction involves exposing students to authentic spoken language, practicing common reductions, and encouraging their use in conversation.