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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Continuous
Our second example sentence 'I am playing football at the moment.' is the present continuous tense. This has a different structure as the subject 'I', the verb 'to be' in the present tense 'am', 'is' or 'are' plus the verb with an '?ing' on the end. So here: 'I am playing football at the moment.' Whereas the present simple tense is used to talk about habits routines and facts, the present continuous tense is used to talk about actions in progress at the time of speaking or around the time of speaking. Our third example sentence is the present perfect: 'I have played football twice this week.' Here, the structure is the subject 'I', auxiliary verb 'have' or 'has' plus the past participle. The past participle is usually formed just by adding '-ed'- on to the end of the base form of the verb. However, students need to be aware of the many irregular verbs, such as 'know' would change to 'known', 'go' to 'gone', 'understand' ? 'understood' and so on. Unfortunately, there are no rules for this and they just have to be learnt individually.
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Past Simple ? is used for actions completed at an specific time in the past. The time may be give, asked or not mentioned. Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? add ed ? I/you/we/they/he/she it cooked - I/you/we/they/he/she it did not cooked Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? add ed ? Did I/you/we/they/he/she/it cooked Irregular verbs must be memorized ? some examples are see ? saw, eat ? ate, drink ? drank, sleep ? slept. Past Continuous ? Is used for interrupted past actions, without a specific time something that has developed in the past and/or may be continued. Actions that are in progress at the time in the past. Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? add ing ? I/he/she/it was cooking ? you/we/they were cooking - I/he/she/it was not cooking - you/we/they were not cooking Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? add ing ? Was I/he/she/it cooking ? Were you/we/they cooking Past Perfect ? 2 past actions are used, one past action and one related past action. Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? past participle ? I/you/we/they/he/she/it had cooked - I/you/we/they/he/she/it had not cooked Aux Verb (helping) Subject Main Verb ? past participle ? Had I/you/we/they/he/she/it cooked Past Perfect Continuous ? This is not commonly used. Relates to longer actions or activities in the past that had been continuously going on up until the present moment and not sure if it continued or not. This form has two auxiliary verbs. Subject Aux Verb (helping) Main Verb ? add ing ? I/you/we/they/he/she/it had been cooking - I/you/we/they/he/she/it had not cooking Aux Verb Subject Continuous Aux Verb Main Verb ? add ing ? Had I/you/we/they/he/she/it been cooking