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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Perfect Continuous
We can see that this particular usage of the unfinished past can be used for both the present perfect and the present perfect continuous. Where we've got action verbs, we usually prefer to use the present perfect continuous. However, there are state verbs which don't usually go into the continuous form, such as 'know'. We would say 'I have known her for 10 years,' not 'I have been knowing her for 10 years.' So when we have these state verbs, such as 'know', 'be', 'seem' and 'appear', we would usually put these in the present perfect but with the action verbs, such as 'play', 'cook', 'work', we will use these in the present perfect continuous. Normally, we also use the present perfect continuous fairly frequently with words, such as just or recently to express a recently completed action with the present results, for example 'I am tired because I have been playing football.'
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
For me, this was one of that harder units in this course. I can see why pronunciation is neglected by most teachers teaching English. As a native English speaker, I saw that I lacked confidence in the phonetic spelling as I have only seen this in dictionaries. Learning the phonetic alphabet was a bit of a challenge but is important to understand how it works in order to teach the students about pronunciation. To teach the students about phonology, it is important to teach the three areas on it: Intonation, stress, and rhythm. There are many ways to teach intonation and stress, such as, nonsense words, use of gestures, contrastive stress, and humming/singing. For nonsense words, the teacher can ask their students to utter \"words\" like ?diddy dum diddy dum diddy? to convey feelings like happiness, anger, surprise, or boredom. Next, for gestures, teachers can use their hands to guide the students by giving a clear sweep of the hand either up or down to indicate a high or a low pitch. Also, the teacher can use gestures such as clapping, tapping on the desks, and snapping fingers. The teacher can also use contrastive stress, which can get the students to hear the difference in stress and intonation by giving them two examples, one will be the correct answer and the other is the incorrect answer. Finally, the teacher can use humming or singing while the students also sing out the sentences or hum the words together. Having the students and teacher learn the phonemic alphabet can be beneficial to the class because it serves as a standard that everyone can communicate with. This will only make it easier for the students to better learn the pronunciation of the words and will be easier for the teacher to teach said words the students may be having trouble with.