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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Irregular Verbs
As mentioned earlier, to form this tense, we have to use a special form of the verb. Technically it's called the past participle form with irregular verbs. Of course these past participle forms change quite a bit from its base form of the verb. Here are a few examples 'go' moves to 'gone', 'be' moves to 'been', 'write' to 'written', 'speak' to 'spoken' and 'read'. Although very confusing for the non-native speaker, doesn't change its spelling, but does change its pronunciation, resulting in 'read' going to 'read'.
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Unit Four provided an extensive overview into the four present tenses. Before learning this material, I only assumed there was one present tense, however this category can be subdivided as follows: The Present Simple Tense: which is used to state habitual actions, permanent situations/facts, commentaries on a situation, instructions, present stories, and historical sequence. It is formed with the subject, followed by the base form of the verb, followed by \"s\" or \"es\" if needed (ex. I read/he reads). The Present Continuous is used to talk about an action in progress at the time of speaking, a temporary action not necessarily in progress at the time of speaking, background events in a present story, regular actions around a point in time, to describe developing situations, or to emphasize very frequent habits. It is formed Using the subject, followed by the auxiliary verb \"to be,\" and the present participle of the main verb (ex. I am reading). The Present Perfect tense is used when talking about finished actions that took place in an indefinite period of time or something that began in the past but is still true (and expected to continue) now, and when we describe past actions with present results. It is formed using the subject, followed by the auxiliary verb \"to have\" and the past participle of the verb (\"I have eaten.\"). Finally, the Present Perfect Continuous tense is used to discuss an incomplete, ongoing activity when we wish to say how long it has been going on, as well as talking about a recently finished, uninterrupted activity with a present result. It is formed by using the subject, followed by the auxiliary verb \"to have,\" plus \"been,\" and the infinitive form of the verb (ex. \"I have been reading for two hours.\").