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TESOL Videos - Productive and Receptive Skills in the ESL Classroom - Accuracy vs. Fluency
Before we move on to the planning of a lesson for speaking skills, something that we need to look at first is the idea of the accuracy versus the fluency of speaking. Accuracy relates to the correct usage of grammar and vocabulary, whereas fluency relates to our ability to continue speaking without any interruption. Now, ultimately within a whole ESA lesson or within language learning itself fluency and accuracy are equally important. Within an ESA lesson, however, depending upon which stage we're at in that lesson, then we're either focusing on accuracy or we're focusing on fluency. Remember in the ESA lesson, in the study phase, this is where we're looking at the target language where we're doing our language learning, so it's very important in this stage that we focus on the accuracy of the language, whereas in the activate stage we're trying to get the students to use the language in the realistic way and what we want them to do there is to focus on fluency.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
In this specific unit it is described how certain and well-known techniques and methods impact on students and progress of the class. It is stated that teacher should use only English during the class to make his/her students exposed to the English language as much as possible. In the unit it was discussed how teacher should prepare a well-balanced pattern of his/her lesson. The plan has to contain stages, which can engage and warm the students up. It is a special time for students, because a teacher has to make sure his/her students feel confident and comfortable. A teacher is required to minimize correction to absolute minimum. Students can focus on language fluency rather than accuracy. Other essential stage of the lesson leads to study stage. At this point the teacher has to focus on a language construction and often he/she starts the \"study stage\" with the elicitation. It is absolutely essential to gain as much information needed to build a basis for teachers' board work. Frequently, teachers give their students specific worksheets with exercises after the language point has been covered. Students can work together in groups. The third element of ESA is Activate stage. Again teacher has to keep corrections to the absolute minimum and let students work on their fluency. Students with advanced language sophistication can focus on debated about particular subject. Students of lower levels of English can prepare simple presentation or focus on role-plays. This unit is very helpful because it shows how keep the class going nice and smooth. Thanks to ESA lesson teachers are certain their classes are well combined and organised, and most importantly students can really improve their language skills.