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TESOL Videos - Productive and Receptive Skills in the ESL Classroom - Speaking Skills - Before the Lesson
For the lesson that even takes place, there are a number of things that you need to have considered. Obviously, you need a very clear idea of what it is you're expecting the students to have to do and they need to know why. It's very important before you ask them to do an activity that they have an understanding of the purpose of that activity. You should, secondly, have had a thought about what they already know. Linked to that is, will it be necessary to do any form of pre-teaching before I can expect them to do this activity and finally, we need to make sure that we have prepared all our materials and our instructions for this particular activity. So, we'll consider a straight arrow ESA lesson, the focus of which is to be speaking skills. So, we'll start with our engage and in a typical lesson, what we might do, is ask our students about the weather in their country and if they know anything about the weather in any other countries. So, throughout this engage phase, what we can be doing, is to be drawing information now from the students, getting that information up onto the board and starting to generate some interest in the topic itself.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
The Past Tense is comprised of the same four categories as the Present Tense and therefore is a little easier to comprehend given the similarities, but the actions are in the past. These categories are Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous. Each has their own usage and auxiliary verbs which help determine the correct tense in a sentence. The Past Simple tense relates to actions completed at a definite time in the past. The affirmative uses the past participle ?ed? added to the base form of the verb, ?did not? in the negative (or ?didn?t? ? if using the contraction). In the question form, ?when? is used to identify the time that the action occurred in the past. The Past Continuous tense relates to interrupted past actions and always uses some form of time reference. Without a time expression, however, it can indicate a gradual development. It uses the past tense auxiliary verb ?be?, in this case ?was? or ?were?, and the present participle plus ?ing?. The negative again uses not (eg ?were not?, or ?weren?t? in the contracted form). The Past Perfect tense is often used to show an action has completely finished before another action in the past started. It is the past viewed from another past viewpoint. It uses the auxiliary verb ?had? and the past particple. eg ?He told me had washed the car?. The Past Perfect Continuous tense is one of the least used and refers to actions in the past that had been going on continuously up to the point of discussion. It the auxiliary verbs ?had? and ?been? plus ?ing? with the verb. Eg ?Before mowing the lawn, he had been watching television all morning?.