"Like" us to connect with other students, watch videos, see job offers and even get special discounts.
TESOL Videos - Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - "Oh" Sound
Here we have a set of five words, which all share one sound: the ?oh? sound, as in ?go?, ?show?, ?dough?, ?note? and ?boat?. They?re five different spelling patterns to tell our students so they can identify when to make the ?oh? sound. We can have a simple letter ?o?, ?ow?, ?ough?, ?o? with the magic ?e? which turns our vowel into what we knew as long sounds and the ?oa? as in ?boat?. Now, for a non-native learner, perhaps they can handle something like this. They remember that these spelling combinations help to produce the ?oh? sound and they can go about their business looking at the words and memorizing this knowing that these spelling patterns will produce the sound ?oh?. Now that?s okay until we get to a situation where we can also have words like ?to?, ?cow? and also ?rough?. So the students has gone from knowing that these letters put together in these patterns will produce an ?oh? sound and now they?re confused by the fact that the same pattern can produce a different vowel sound here, it can produce a different vowel sound here and a different vowel sound here. Put this all together and we created a situation, which can become very confusing to our non-native learner. However, our international phonemic alphabet takes care of this problem by taking various spelling patterns and simplifying it into this symbol here.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit gives us the overview of the methodologies of EFL. There are many methods to teach English to new students and advanced level students alike. The basic aim of all the tasks is to give as much exposure to the new language as possible. Students will require certain amount of inputs from the teacher but should be encouraged to discover the language themselves. The effective method for the learning is the ESA method which means Engage, Study and Activate. First in the engage part, the teacher will arouse the interest of the students and involved in the lesson. Then in study part the teacher will elicit as much information as possible from students. The students will do exercises about the language and the teacher will correct the mistakes in the language if any. This will help the students to focus on the construction of language. Then in Activate part the students are encouraged to use the language as freely as possible. The focus will be more on the fluency of language than its accuracy. The straight arrow ESA lesson which is Engage, Study and Activate in serial order is most popular way of teaching. While other methods like Boomerang and Patchwork ESA lesson can also be used if required in some situations. This unit also discusses about different Engage, Study and Activate activities. It is up to the teacher to choose according to his/her comfort and situation for teaching. Also discuss about feedback and correction at the end of ESA lesson. There are different correction techniques discussed in this unit which are important the mistakes of the students.