Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - 'Oh' Sound


Here we have a set of five words, which all share one sound: the ?oh? sound, as in ?go?, ?show?, ?dough?, ?note? and ?boat?. They?re five different spelling patterns to tell our students so they can identify when to make the ?oh? sound. We can have a simple letter ?o?, ?ow?, ?ough?, ?o? with the magic ?e? which turns our vowel into what we knew as long sounds and the ?oa? as in ?boat?. Now, for a non-native learner, perhaps they can handle something like this. They remember that these spelling combinations help to produce the ?oh? sound and they can go about their business looking at the words and memorizing this knowing that these spelling patterns will produce the sound ?oh?. Now that?s okay until we get to a situation where we can also have words like ?to?, ?cow? and also ?rough?. So the students has gone from knowing that these letters put together in these patterns will produce an ?oh? sound and now they?re confused by the fact that the same pattern can produce a different vowel sound here, it can produce a different vowel sound here and a different vowel sound here. Put this all together and we created a situation, which can become very confusing to our non-native learner. However, our international phonemic alphabet takes care of this problem by taking various spelling patterns and simplifying it into this symbol here.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit reflected on types of Auxiliary verbs its uses with tenses and basic rules. Also it covers teaching ideas. Active and Passive voices are explained in detail with examples to make it clear. Last but not least there is a short overview of types of clauses and phrasal verbs.I have always struggled with tenses, but this layout make it so clear that it was easy for me to grasp and learn. The English language is a very difficult language, but its also a beautiful one. Where I once dreaded learning about tenses, today I fear no more! Thank you once again.This lesson was great for me and my own language development. While in the process of learning my second language I was challenged by these forms because I didn't completely understand them in my native language. It was a great lesson broken down in a way that is clearly explained.