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TESOL Videos - The Past Tenses - Past Perfect Continuous - Structure and Usages
This video is part of our series on the past tenses in English. In this video, we take a look at the past perfect continuous tense. This tense is used to talk about two actions in the past focusing on the fact that one of the two actions had been continuing at another point in the past.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit was useful in that it provided me with a metaphorical representation of how the different elements of language are interwoven. I liked the concept of the language tree, with grammar as the trunk and branches, and vocabulary and functions as the leaves which adorn the tree. It allowed me to better understand that, while grammar is an essential foundation for learning English (or any language, for that matter), you cannot hold a flowing conversation, or construct a rich narrative, with grammar alone. Rather, as an English learner, you must have some level of understanding of vocabulary and language functions to enrich and adorn your speech and writing, as well as to comprehend the English you are hearing and reading. I also learnt that it is important for teachers to apply the appropriate ESA method to the particular topic being taught - with grammar and vocabulary best taught with the \"straight arrow\" ESA method, and language functions with the \"boomerang\" or \"patchwork\" ESA method. Teachers should also put significant consideration into how they formulate classes on these topics, as the students' ability (as well as desire) to learn these topics is dependent on a number of factors, such as how often certain words, functions and grammar structures are used; how similar they are to their native language; and how they align with their motivation for learning the language (for example, a student who is studying business English may be more interested in learning formal, rather than informal, English).