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TESOL Videos - Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching - Repition Drill Example
So let's take an example of what those drills might involve. So here is an example of a repetition drill. I will model the language and then my class will repeat after me. So "This is a cup." "Spoon" ? "This is a spoon." "Knife" - "his is a knife." Thank you. The reason that it's called or also called the army method is that it was the method adopted by the United States military who had personnel stationed around the world at the end of Second World War and they realized that they needed those personnel to pick up the language very quickly and one of the positive things about this particular methodology is that you do very quickly learn vocabulary. Another positive thing about it is that you quickly learn the correct pronunciation of that vocabulary. However, there are some negative points to it. One of the things that the drills actually lack is some form of realistic context and the fact that these drills are out of context in any real situation in the world makes it very difficult to translate the knowledge that you pick up into a new situation. The second negative thing about it is that errors would very quickly try to be forced out of the students and it was realized that errors weren't in fact such a bad thing after all.
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This Unit's focus are the main theories, methods and techniques a teacher should know and keep in mind when teaching or developing a lesson plan. First of all teachers should always remember that a condition of natural language acquisition, even if ideal, is impossible to replicate in a classroom, however it represents the main model all new teaching methods try to imitate. As a matter of facts the great majority of students live in countries where English is not the first language, and for this reason they don't get the same exposure to the language and have less chances to practice it, then those who live in an English speaking country (where Enlgish is the L1). The most common methods and techniques that registered the best outcomes are the following: grammar-translation, audio-lingualism, PPP (presentation, practice and production), task based learning, communicative language teaching, the silent way, suggestopedia,and the lexical approach; each i centered on different aspects of the language and its acquisition. It's hard to say which one is the more effective, they all have their pros and cons, but whatever the teaching approach, every teacher has to bare in mind that communicative tasks alone are not enough because learning a second language is so much more. Each student needs to be encouraged to discover the language themselves, and in order to allow this process the teacher has to guarantee as much esposure to the target language as possible, a certain amount of input from the teacher, more motivation and less stress.Another important approach was developed by Jeremy Harner and it's called ESA (ENGAGE/STUDY/ACTIVATE), this method allows the teacher ot organize their work in different ways (STRAIGHT ARROW ESA LESSON/BOOMERANG ESA LESSON/PATCHWORK ESA LESSON).