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TESOL Videos - For vs Since - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
In this video, we break down the difference between the usage of "for" and "since". Both of these words are used when talking about time, which is why they often cause confusion for many English learners. However, the difference in the usage of the two words is actually qutie easy. The word "since" is used when referring to a point or exact moment in time, such as in this example: I have been living in this house since 2005. The year 2005 is a point or exact moment in time and therefore, we need to use 'since'. "For", on the other hand, is used for a period or duration of time, such as in this example: I have been living in this house for 12 years; 12 years is a duration of time, and therefore we need to use 'for'. As you can see, all you need to do is figure out whether you are reffering to a point in time or a period of time.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
The many areas of this lesson that I found to be the most helpful, useful, and informative were the the corrections and the ESA sections. Learning about the differences between mistakes and errors was insightful as I hadn't thought about the difference between them before. And also, the use of student correction, which I have tended to avoid, was a helpful nudge. I tend to worry that the students will be mean to each other and take the correction the wrong way, but to look at it as the students \"helping\" each other rather than \"correcting\" each other, makes me see the benefit of using it more. Allowing the students for work on fluency and not correcting so quickly is a good reminder as well. And the clarification of what the error is. Sometimes with the ELL students in my regular English class I tend to forget what they are struggling with in terms of acquiring English and I realize my instructions for correction are not clear to them. I liked how the ESA structure was presented and explained. I tend to go for the Straight Arrow approach, but will use more Patchwork activities/lessons now. I do use many of the suggested activities, but found the variety in the activities very beneficial. Even though these lessons seem to be geared towards the full ELL classroom, I find that the overall theory/practices help me with my individual interaction and instruction with the fifteen or so ELL students I have spread throughout my seven class that I teach. For example I have one student who still puts everything through his Mandarin translator on his smartphone and I need to have him speak more and listen to the language - to absorb it - rather than just recite it.