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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'BELLWETHER' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word "bellwether". This word is a noun and describes someone who takes the lead and sets trends. A long time ago, shepherds hung a bell around the neck of one sheep of its flock designating it the leader. Therefore, bellwether is a combination of the words "bell" and "wether", a male sheep that has been castrated.
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Unit describes Past Tenses of English grammar. They are Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous. Past Simple usages: for a past action when the time is given; when the time is asked about; hen the action clearly took place at a definite time even though this is not mentioned; sometimes the time becomes definite as a result of a question and answer in the present perfect. Past Simple forms: subj.+base verb's form+ ed/d/Past Simple irregular verb form(affirmative); subj.+'did'+not+base form (negative); 'did'+subj.+base form (question). Past Continuous usages: for interrupted past actions; used without a time expression, it can indicate gradual development that took place in the past; can express an action, which began before that time and probably continued after it; in descriptions. Past Continuous forms: subj.+'was/were' + verb+ing (affirmative); subj.+'was/were'+not+verb+ing (negative); 'was/were'+subj.+verb+ing (question). Past Perfect usages: the past equivalent of the Present Perfect, represent actions that occurred before other actions in the past. Past Perfect forms: subj.+'had' + past participle (affirmative); subj.+'had'+not+past participle (negative); 'had'+subj.+past participle (question). Past Perfect Continuous usages: to talk about longer actions or situations in the past that had been going on continuously up to the past moment that we're thinking about. Past Perfect Continuous forms: subj.+'had'+been+verb+ing (affirmative); subj.+'had'+not+been+verb+ing (negative); 'had'+subj.+been+verb+ing (question).