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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'HIDEBOUND'- English Grammar
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word hidebound. This word refers to an unwillingness to change because of a tradition. Some synonyms for hidebound include conservative, conventional and reactionary.
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This unit is all about how the different ESA techniques can be used to teach new language structures, grammar and function to students. The straight arrow ESA technique is commonly used with teaching new vocabulary and English grammar. Boomerang or patchwork ESA technique can be used with functions-based lessons. Teaching a new vocabulary effectively depends upon the similarity to English words that students already know about it and students' own language, spelling, pronunciation and appropriacy. However, the teacher must instruct students about the meaning, use, grammar, interaction with other words, spelling and pronunciation of new vocabulary to students. Straight Arrow ESA approach is the best method of teaching new vocabulary to students. There are plenty of activities that we learnt in previous chapter relevant to Engage, Study and Activate phase. Introducing new grammar structures is totally depend upon what level of students we are going to teach and what course syllabus we are using. The students must be taught about the new grammar's meaning, use of it, forms and patterns, and how it is spoken or written. Straight Arrow method is an appropriate for it. Teaching new language function will be a complex lesson to learn. So, the boomerang or patchwork ESA approach will be an appropriate for it. Students will be taught about inviting, refusing, agreeing, disagreeing, suggesting and so on in language function section. Activate phrase will play a vital role to make students go along with good understanding and using of language function. Language functions also include of learning formal language, informal language, technical and so on.