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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'MUGWUMP' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word mugwump. This word is a noun and refers to a person who remains independent, especially from politc parties. This word comes from the Algonquian native peoples in Canada. It has been used in English since the 19th century.
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This unit covered the last section of basic grammar ? modals, phrasal verbs, and passive voice. Modals are words like ?can,? ?may,? ?should,? ?might,? etc. They add meaning to the main verb. Usually, modal verbs indicate permissions, ability, or obligations. They are also used to express differing levels of formality. These verbs don?t change based on the subject of the sentence. Modals are constructed with the base form of the verb. The passive voice is a sentence form that switches the subject and object. Although a sentence in passive voice may have the same meaning as one in active voice, the focus of the sentence is different. The focus is moved from the ?doer? (who may not be indicated in the sentence at all) to the object. Only verbs that usually take an object (transitive verbs) can be put in the passive voice. The passive voice is constructed with ?to be? conjugated and the past participle. Next, we learned about relative clauses. These are clauses often introduced by a relative pronoun (who, which, that, whose, etc), but sometimes introduced by nothing. A defining relative clause gives information which is essential to understanding of a sentence. A non-defining relative clause is the opposite. These are often isolated by commas. Phrasal verbs are multi-word verbs. They consist of a verb plus one or two particles, for instance ?told off? or ?put on.? The object pronoun must come between the verb and the particle. There is also a type of phrasal verb called ?transitive inseparable.? This type takes an object which comes after the participle.