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TESOL Videos - English Grammar Overview - Parts of Speech - Pronouns
And now let's look at the pronouns. Simply put, pronouns take the place of a noun. We have various types of pronouns. They are personal pronouns, which can either be subject or object. We have reflexive pronouns, relative pronouns and possessive pronouns. With our personal pronouns, we have to decide whether it's the subject or the object. The subject is the doer of an action, whereas the object is the one that receives the action. Subject pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it etc. Object pronouns are: me, you, him, her, etc. In the sentence "Greg hit Pete," the subject of the sentence is "Greg", therefore I would say "He hit Pete," or I could put a pronoun in for the object of the sentence, where "Greg hit Pete", now, I go into "Greg hit him." With our reflexive pronouns, these are the actions that we do on to ourselves, if we're speaking about ourselves or somebody else. So, I could say "I'm quite happy with myself," or I could say, "You seem quite happy with yourself." Our relative pronouns basically help us add more information about the subject of the sentence. So, I could say, "Lake Michigan is a place where I go sailing every summer." Now, let's take a look at the possessive pronouns but we"ll do so by looking at also the possessive adjectives. Now, let's compare our possessive pronouns to our possessive adjectives. We can easily identify which is which by keeping in mind what our adjectives do. Our adjectives describe our nouns. Therefore, our possessive adjectives are describing the noun and followed by a noun: "This is my pen." However, keeping in mind what the pronouns do, they take the place of a noun, our possessive pronouns do exactly that: "It's mine," and one more example of this would be "It's your pen," and "It's yours."
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An overview of teaching aids was given in this unit. Also, there was a listing of online helps for the teacher. The basic and maybe the necessary piece of equipment of a classroom is a white/black board. Basic hints how to best present the board work was given, such as: Start with a clean board; Write so it can be read easily and avoid all capitals; Use colored pens, circling and underlining for emphasis; Involve the students in the work; etc. The one suggestion not given was do not stand in front of your written board work as the students are probably trying to write down the information. This was emphasized to me in the video on Conditionals where the teacher stood in front of his work and talked to the camera when I was trying to write down what he had just written on the board. Was a good lesson on what not to do. Unit covered Interactive whiteboards which I have not encountered yet. Hopefully, training will be available should that happen. Overhead projectors, video cameras, CD's and DVDs may all enhance the learning process. The self test asked what five items of equipment I would chose and why. 1) A computer, as with it I can research online for ideas and can also play clips from movies or YouTube. I have a projector which connects to my computer for projecting onscreen power point presentations and the movie clips. 2) A CD player could be useful in developing the listening skills of the students through songs and monologue. 3) A Video camera would be good to help the students see and hear themselves. 4) A Photocopier would be wonderful to make copies of worksheets and handouts to the student. In the Philippines I must go to the mall to find someone to make copies. 5) Of course, a white board as it is the basic piece of equipment for relaying information to the students.