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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Continuous - Teaching Ideas
And now we'll take a look at a few teaching ideas for the present continuous tense. The present continuous tense is quite a visual tense. We use it to describe actions that are happening at the present moment. So, we could give our students a picture, such as the one seen here. It is important that in the picture there are many activities going on. The teacher can give a time limit to pairs or small groups. In that time limit, the pairs or small groups will make various sentences based upon what they see in the picture. These sentences may include 'He is taking a picture,' 'He is throwing a boomerang,' 'They are playing with the ball,' 'He is digging a hole.' At the end of the time limit, the teacher will ask for some feedback and get feedback from the pairs and the groupings to see what different sentences they were able to come up with. Hopefully, at the end, the students will have made statements using as many of the pronouns as possible, in this case at least he/she or they.
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Whereas Unit 11 focused on the two receptive skills, Unit 12 introduced the two production skills of learning a language: speaking and writing. When focusing on speaking exercises, they can be divided into two subcategories: accuracy (most often utilized in the Study segment of the class) and fluency (most often present in the Activate segments. Accuracy is important to build up to ensure the learners are communicating properly, however we must be sure to temper the course-load with fluency activities to boost confidence and time for the students to practice speaking as much English as they possibly can, without hesitation or fear of needing to get every word perfect at that point in time. Speaking accuracy activities include drilling, prompting, and guided role-play. Speaking fluency activities include free role-play, information gap games, and debates. The lesson included many wonderful tips and ideas to elicit student participation and entice them to speak without fear. In addition to stressing written accuracy, while encouraging a free-flowing fluency with creative writing exercises, writing exercises need to account for four major areas of study for the students: handwriting (depending on the learner's native language, the Latin alphabet may be entirely foreign, or otherwise hard to replicate), spelling (homonyms and homophones present unique challenges to learners), layout, and punctuation. As with the speaking section, many tips are included to ensure students are fully engaged in the writing exercises. Finally, a section is devoted to fun game ideas, as games are a perfect tool in subconscious learning -- the students will be too busy focusing on the fun activities therein to realize they are learning important information!