"Like" us to connect with other students, watch videos, see job offers and even get special discounts.
TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect Continuous - Comparing Cards
Here's an idea for teaching the present perfect continuous tense. However in this activity what the students will be doing, is comparing and contrasting this tense with the present perfect tense. This is something that a teacher will want to do after they've explored both tenses and because both tenses are quite confusing, we'll ask the students to compare and contrast the two, making sure that they can tell the difference. In this activity, the teacher will have cut out each individual card. The teacher will distribute the cards to the students and after a minute has gone by, the teacher will then ask the students to fold their cards over and get into a pair. One student in the pair will then present a certain result and ask the student to form the question. Here, with the prompts 'Why be angry'; The student will of course ask 'Why are you angry?' The other student will then flip over the rest of the card and read 'wait for you since 6 o'clock' and hopefully come up with a statement 'Because I've been waiting for you since 6 o'clock.' However, with this card we won't be using the same tense again. We'll be asking 'Why are you hungry?' and the student will have to answer 'Because I haven't eaten all day.' Hopefully by the end of the activity, the teacher will be able to recognize that the students are correctly deciding which tense the activity needs to be put into.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
Unit Fourteen was devoted to the benefits and drawbacks of both authentic and created materials in the classroom. Authentic materials are those not designed specifically for use in an ESL course, but are everyday English-language items (such as a course-book, a restaurant's menu, a newspaper, a film, et cetera), where created content is anything the teacher would make specifically for the course. The major benefits of authentic materials include they are real and therefore more interesting and motivating, they can be geared towards learners of all levels if the teacher knows how to do so, and students feel more confident in their English abilities if they are able to grasp the language as it comes to the average Joe, instead of only in a classroom setting. The major disadvantages, however include they are not designed for ESL learners, and can therefore be too advanced for certain levels of students, dissuading them; course-books present a host of problems, such as not being custom-tailored to your classroom's needs and requiring omission, replacement, supplementation, or adaptation. Moreover, relying too heavily on course-books can drain a teacher's creativity and drive, as well as the passion and focus of the students. Created materials, however are no saints. They do pose a welcome relief from monotonous book-work, and allow for the teacher to custom-make lesson materials to cover exactly what needs to be addressed, however relying entirely on games and activities you make yourself might result in a class that does not get to cover all of the structured skills needed to be taught that semester. The only solution, therefore, is to find an ideal balance of created and authentic materials, manufacturing your own tools where the course-book falls short.