"Like" us to connect with other students, watch videos, see job offers and even get special discounts.
TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Overview
Now we'll have a look at the present perfect tense. The form for the present perfect tense is again our subject here, our auxiliary verb, or helping verb, in this case it's 'have'. For subjects 'I,' 'you,' 'we,' 'they', we leave the auxiliary verb as 'have'. For 'he,' 'she' and 'it', our auxiliary verb needs to be conjugated or changed into 'has'. Following these helping verbs, we have our main verb in the past participle form. Here we have the verb 'to play'. 'To play' is a regular verb. So for regular verbs we simply add '-ed'. The result is sentences such as 'I have played football today,' or 'He has played snooker today'.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit teaches about teaching pronunciation and phonology. Phonology is the study, science, analysis, and classification of the physical properties of sounds. Intonation is generally considered to be the variation in volume and pitch in a whole sentence. Stress is more concerned with individual words. It carries the message in a sentence. The normal pattern for intonation is the rise/fall which is used to agree with someone, or that the speaker has finished his sentence, or ask questions. The next common intonation is fall/rise which is used to ask questions. The third intonation is the flat which indicates that the speaker doesn't really that much to say. There are two simple rules about word stress: one word has only one stress, and we can only stress syllables and not vowels or consonants. Several techniques can be used to teach stress: contrastive, gestures, choral work, the board and stress marks. There are four major ways that sounds join together in English: Linking, sound dropping, sound changing and extra lettering. There are activities which the teacher can use to effectively teach pronunciation. These are: peer dictation, your own mouth or over emphasizing individual parts of a word, using a diagram of the mouth to show how a sound is made, phonemes and tongue twisters. In this chapter I have learned that teaching pronunciation is important and the teacher should have confidence in teaching it, as it is a vital course in learning the English language. I have also learned the different ways and techniques to indicate intonation and stress. It is also important for students to learn the phonemic alphabet for them to practice how to pronounce properly each word. It is a good activity for the students to read the phonetic script.