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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Prompt Teaching Idea
Here now is a teaching idea for the present perfect tense. If you remember back, one of the main usages of the present perfect tense is to talk about past experiences at an indefinite time. Here, will be having students work in small groups. Each small group will receive a prompt. This prompt has various past experiences. However, not conjugated into the question. The challenge for the students will be to take one of these prompts and to create a question based upon it. For example here they see 'win' and 'a competition'. One at a time, the students will take turns forming the question. 'Have you ever won a competition?' The other people listening to the question in the small group, will exchange their past experiences, either 'Yes, I have,' and perhaps tell a bit about the competition, or simply 'No, I haven't.' At the end of a certain period of time, the teacher will ask all the students to stop and share some of the experiences included on this prompt. Then, based upon having done this with the aid of a prompt, the teacher can then challenge each group to come up with their own questions for other past experiences not seen here. Again, each student will take a turn forming their own questions. At the end of a certain period of time the teacher will ask the groups to stop and again share their feedback. All of the sentences created, whether they be questions, positive or negative statements will, of course, be in the present perfect tense.
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In this unit two videos are demonstrated which shows the different style of teaching with same teacher and class students. In the first video the teacher is scowling and seem to be looking generally unhappy for the entire lesson. He is asking the students about the modal auxiliary verbs and telling them \"its very easy\" without giving any examples. He is not praising the students for their efforts when they attempted to answer the questions. he is speaking very quickly because of which the students are not able to understand him. As a result the students look very intimated by his behaviour and are afraid to give any answers. Also the teacher is reading a book while the students completed their work. As we see in the first lesson, the teacher has not engaged the students in any way before coming to the study phase. While the in the second video the teacher looks more relaxed and looks happy to teach the students. He asks them their names and remembers them to build rapport. He has smile on his face and is appreciating students for their efforts. The students feel comfortable to ask him questions and to give attempt to give answers in more enthusiastic way. He is asking the students to name their favourite animals and write them on the board to engage them. Then he uses drawings as prompt to ask and write the names of more animals. In the study phase he is teaching about the modal auxiliary verbs can/can't and asking students to make sentences using the name of animals and verbs. Then he gives them activity to draw an imaginary animal which which can and can not use the verb forms decided in the class. At the end of the lesson he thanked and appreciated the students for attending and learning well in class. Overall the second lesson was more effective.