Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect - Spelling Patterns


As mentioned earlier, our example sentence has used a regular verb 'to play'. With the regular verbs we simply add '-ed'. This spelling pattern changes for words that end with a consonant and a Y: 'cry' goes to 'cried', 'try' to 'tried'. Another spelling pattern we have to be aware of is our consonant plus vowel plus consonant. In these instances, we double the consonant used: 'shop' needs the double P; 'ship' needs the double P. With these spelling patterns, and most spelling patterns in general for the English language, there are always exceptions to the rules. So we have to be aware of those exceptions. We also have to impart those exceptions on to our students. We can do so through various exercises and various activities to end our class. To form the negative sentence here, again, our subjects are in the beginning of the sentence. We keep our helping verb, whether it be have or has, and between our helping verb and the main verb in our sentence, we, of course, add the word 'not'. For forming the question of the present perfect tense again we're going to follow on with our form of inverting the subject and the helping verb. Now, we'll begin with 'have' or 'has', so we end up with questions such as 'Have I played football today?' or 'Has she played football today?'

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

The information I learned from this unit was the different stages of English learners. I knew learners were at different stages of being fluent in the language but not the names. It was helpful to learn the names and what each level was considered based on the knowledge of the language.The different videos showed me how my attitude going in can determine how a class can go, as well as trying to make a class interesting enough to where the students would want to participate in class, versus having a bad attitude, where the students pock up on that, making things worse.In this lesson I learned about the different ESA structures boomerang and straight arrow. I learned what students need to know before learning vocabulary and grammar structures. I also learned about a new game for students in which they can go back and forth until one runs out of ideas.