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TESOL Videos - Productive and Receptive Skills in the ESL Classroom - Game Example 'Tic Tac Toe'
So, let's take a common game that's been played over the years, which is called Noughts and Crosses or Tic-Tac-Toe. What we're going to do is to adapt this game for classroom use. So, we've taken the normal Tic-Tac-Toe or Noughts and Crosses grid and we've just numbered out each of the particular squares. What we can then do is to form teams and those teams can then be asked a series of questions and they get to choose which question they want from 1 to 9. So, let's say, for example, they choose question 1. That could be on anything that they have studied ,the grammar or vocabulary. If they get that question correct and say they are the Noughts or the zeros then they get to put their mark here. What the next group will probably do is to try to block them in some way by choosing this one, this one or this one and again their choice relates to some grammar or vocabulary point. So, here is a very simple use of Noughts and Crosses for teaching language.
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Much like the present tense, the past tenses of English include a simple past, a continuous past, a past perfect, and a past perfect continuous tense. The simple past is formed using the suffix -(e)d for regular verbs, although many common English verbs are irregular in this tense. It is negated using the auxiliary verb 'do' in the past tense (irregular: 'did') along with the negative particle 'not' and the uninflected form of the main verb: e.g. you saw, you did not see. The question form simply uses the past tense of the auxiliary verb 'do' and inverts the order of this and the subject: e.g. did you see? The simple past tense is used for denoting events that were completed in the past, usually with a definite time reference. In contrast, the past continuous, formed with the past tense of the verb 'be' (irregular: 'was/were') plus the present participle of the main verb (e.g. I was eating), is used to denote an action or event that was in progress at a past time, or one that continued over a span of time in the past. This means that a time reference is usually needed. The past perfect tenses are formed using the past tense of the auxiliary verb 'have' (irregular: 'had') plus at least one participle. The past perfect uses the past participle of the main verb (e.g. he had eaten), while the past perfect continuous uses the past participle of the auxiliary verb 'be' (irregular: 'been') plus the present participle of the main verb (e.g. he had been eating). The former is used to denote actions or events that had been completed prior to another action or event in the past, while the latter is used to talk about actions or events that occurred continuously up until a given point in the past.