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TESOL Videos - Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - Manner of Articulation Pt. 1
When it comes to manner of articulation, we have six different ways in which our breath is produced in order to make our sounds. We have our plosives, our affricates, fricatives, the nasal sounds, our lateral sound and the approximants. Let's take a look at each individually and see how they differ from one another. First we have our plosive sounds. As the word might indicate we have basically a little explosion of sound with our breath. The plosive sounds are made through a three-step process. First there's a closure somewhere in the vocal tract. Second there's a buildup of air and finally there's a sudden release of that air like a little explosion. If we look at some of the sounds that are made this way we might better understand why they are called plosives. Examples are the ?p?, ?t?, ?k? and ?g? sounds. Again we have a closure in the vocal tract, a buildup of air and a sudden release ?p?, ?b?, ?k? and ?g?. Next we have our affricates. This manner of articulation is very very close to the plosives however there's one very important difference and that's in the last step. Again with the advocates we have a closure somewhere in the vocal tract, we have a buildup of air, however, with this manner of articulation we have a gradual release of air rather than the sudden release of air with the plosives. There are two examples of these sounds and they are ?tsh? and ?dsh?. Again there's a closure a buildup of air but yet this time it's a sudden release. Let's take a look at that one more time we have ?tsh? and ?dsh?.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
this unit is all about managing your classroom in such a way that the students will be disciplined and be able to understand you and more importantly learn. Its very easy for the students to understand you if you can communicate fluently with them. this will have to do with the way you pass your message and your actions. you should have an eye contact with the student so that they can focus on you. Also set up your voice in appropriate manner which enable them hear you clearly. Finally use gestures to explain some points which you think might be difficult. Students can also be made to work as a team. they whole class can work together as a team or you pair them up in smaller groups. you can also let students work on their own. The arrangement of the classroom is another important factor. the classroom should be arranged in a manner that it will be suitable for the teacher to move around and have contact with the students. certain aspects about the students too should be taken into consideration such as their nationality, age , personality. The teacher should also know how to manage his or her talking time. It should be done in a manner that the students can understand the teacher and the students can also have enough talking time. The discipline in the classroom is another important factor when it comes to the management of the classroom. The teacher should be patient in dealing with the students and know how to maintain calmness in the classroom.Its very important for the teacher not to get angry in class. the teacher should always keep calm and handle things right.