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TESOL Videos - The Past Tenses - Past Simple - Structure
This video is part of our series on the past tenses in English. We start off the series with the past simple tense. This tense is used to express completed actions in the past. In this video, we focus on the structure of the past simple.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit covers modals, phrasal verbs and the passive voice. The first part of the module overs modal auxiliary verbs which refers to the words: must, could, can, should, will, would etc. These are words that express obligation, possibility, permission ability or advice. they can be used differently to convey various forms of politeness 'may I?, vs. can I?' the way these are used can drastically change the meaning of the sentence. e.g. It might be hot, it may be hot, it could be hot, it must be hot. The second part covers the passive and active voice. In the active voice the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb. My dog chose his dinner. In the passive voice the doer of the action is less important. The dinner was chosen by my dog. The third part covers relative clauses, or clauses that give more information about a noun. A defining relative clause qualifies who we are talking about. This is the hairdresser who cuts my hair. And a non-defang relative clause tells us more about the noun. My dog, who has three legs, died yesterday. The last part covers phrasal verbs, which contain a verb plus 1-2 particles. There are three types, intransitive, transitive separable, transitive inseparable. They differ in the placement of the object. Intransiteive phrasal verbs cannot be followed by a direct object. Transitive separable phrasal verbs can only have the object pronoun between the verb and the particle and transitive inseparable phrasal verbs the object phrase out pronoun come after the particle.