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TESOL Videos - Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching - Methodology Review
Before we move on to the final methodology for today, let's just recap and see where we are at this point in time. We're looking at different learning methodologies. Each of those methodologies takes its premise from being somewhere on this particular spectrum of ?nature versus nurture? and where we are on this spectrum gives us a starting point for the background or theory to that particular methodology. So, we?ve had a look starting in the 17th century and the classical method and moving on as the ideas of psychology developed to various methods, such as audiolingualism, the silent way, Suggestopedia and TPR. Each of these showing a development as knowledge about learning increased and each of these takes a different starting point on our English spectrum.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
There are seven common ways to use verbs to talk about the future. Those are the future simple, the future continuous, the future perfect, the future perfect continuous, be going+infinitive, the present simple, and the present continuous. The future simple is used to describe possible future events. It is used to give or ask for information about the future. The usages are to indicate future facts and certainties, promises, spontaneous decisions, guesses and assumptions, predictions without evidence, and threats. We can use the future continuous to say something will be in progress at a particular moment in the future and to refer to future events which are fixed or decided. We can use the future perfect to describe something will be finished or completed by a certain time in the future. In this case we look back on the past from a future standing point. A sentence uses an expression that signals when the future event will be completed. The future perfect continuous is used to say how long something will have continued for by a certain time. It often includes an adverbial expression that begins with by. When future events are already decided 'be going+infinitive' form is used instead of 'will'. The usages are intentions, predictions based on present evidence, plans/decisions that have already made. We can sometimes use the present simple to talk about the future. One of the common usages is for timetables and schedules. The present continuous is used to emphasize definite personal arrangements and fixed plans when the time and the place have been decided. In many cases, we can use the future simple 'will+verb' for 'be going+infinitive' form or present continuous. However, there are subtle differences among three strictures depending on what the speaker wants to emphasize.