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TESOL Videos - Capital vs Capitol - English Grammar - Teaching Tips
In this video, we explain the difference between the usage of "capital" and "capitol". These two terms are often confused due to their similar spelling and pronunciation. The word ?capital? is used to refer to a capital letter, a city that serves as a center of government and also wealth in the form of money or property. A good example sentence would be: In American schools, the capital letter "A" means your work was at least 90% correct. This sentence uses 'capital' to refer to a capitalized letter, 'A' in this case. Tokyo is the capital of Japan. In this example, capital refers to the capital city of Japan. The business did not have enough capital to buy the new building. Here, capital means money or wealth. "Capitol" spelled with an ?o? on the other hand refers to the actual capitol buildings in Washington, D.C. and in each US state. We can therefore say: The United States Capitol building is located in Washington, D.C.
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Phonology is the study, science, analysis, and classification of the physical properties of sound. Intonation is generally considered to be the variation in volume and pitch in a whole sentence, whereas stress is more concerned with individual words. Rise/fall intonation is the normal pattern of intonation in a statement and it indicates that you have finished what you want to say. It is also used in a straight forward question, in positive and negative statements, questions, greetings and instructions. Second common pattern is the fall/rise that indicates surprise and often disagreement. Above all, it indicates that the speaker wants the person whom he's speaking to respond or confirm. Kind of level intonation is basically flat, and it indicates that the person doesn't really have that much to say and perhaps is not willing to communicate. Techniques for indicating and teaching intonations: nonsense words, by gesture, humming or singing, writing on the board. There are many different ways to interpret a sentence. That's called stressing and the strong part of the sentence is the stressed word, or the word that bears the principal emphasis in the sentence. One word has only one stress. We can only stress syllables, not individual vowels or consonants. There are four major ways that sounds join together in English: linking, sound dropping, sound changing and extra lettering. Many words are written with similar individual or groups of letters but are pronounced differently. A dictionary is the most helpful when it comes to practicing good pronunciation. Techniques for pronunciation of individual sounds: peer dictation, your own mouth, visuals, phonemes, tongue twisters.