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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'AMPHIBOLOGY'- English Grammar
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word amphibology. This word refers to the ambiguous meaning of sentence due due to confusing grammar patterns. A good example for this would be He sees more of his children than his wife. This sentence is an amphibology as it has two meanings. It could either mean that the husband sees his children more often than his wife sees their children, or it could mean that the husband sees his children more often than he sees his wife.
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The four past tenses of English all helps describe actions in the past but they do serve different functions. The simple past is simply the most common and useful of the group as it is used to describe actions completed at a specific point in time. The past continuous is also very helpful. This tense is used for past descriptions. Therefore this is also a very crucial structure to knowing to speak and read English. A novel without the past continuous would be quite boring. The past perfect is used to relate to past actions to show that one occurred before the other. The action nearest to the present time will be in the simple past while all that occur before it will be in the past perfect. The past perfect continuous takes actions that occurred before another action in the past and show that they occurred up until the other past reference point. This contrasts with the past perfect which simple states that an action occurred before another. E.g., ?The girl had stolen before they finally arrested her.? Vs ?The girl had been stealing before they finally arrested.? Getting students to practice these different past tense structure can be very easy with visual aids. Many different activities can be created for different levels of students. However, it is necessary to think of not only the students? English level but one must also consider their cultural background. Students can?t describe situations and actions in a language they are learning if they are not familiar with them. Miming can also be adapted to have the students use past continuous if the teacher tells the student to stop miming the action before the students describe it.