Classroom ManagementIn any teaching environment, it is important to have all of one’s materials ready and available. Students need a teacher that is prepared to teach and that can handle situations as they arise. The teacher should be prepared for unexpected events, changes in plans, and students finishing earlier than initially anticipated. All of these topics revolve around one central theme: classroom management.
Classroom management is not only the way that a teacher conducts the lessons, teaches the language, or involves the students but the way he does all of these things simultaneously and in an educational and interesting manner. Students desire to learn but they want the material and lessons to be of interest to them. Nobody wants to learn in an environment in which boredom can easy settle. Managing a classroom begins with having the proper amount and necessary tools available. Teachers need to have on hand a vast supply of paper, writing instruments, magazines, books, dictionaries, and authentic materials such as newspapers, journals, audio and video content. It is important to have a rich supply of variable materials with which students can find and complete their tasks. Beyond the basics of materials, teachers should plan lessons around new and interesting items that can be added to phases and which students can incorporate into their presentations and assignments.
Another important factor of classroom management is that of how the lesson plans are formulated. The teacher needs to have a guided and focused plan of how the lesson will be conducted. This not only keeps the teacher on point, it keeps the students focused and allows them the best advantage in learning the language. When students stay focused on the lesson, they have less time and desire to become bored or to let their minds wander onto other topics. A detailed lesson plan also allows for unexpected events, such as students finishing earlier than anticipated and extra quick lessons that could be incorporated if this occurs. The management of a classroom also requires the teacher to be creative in the way that lessons will be carried out, how students will be working, e.g. in groups, pairs, alone, etc, and time allowances for proper acquisition of the language without rushing students or lingering lesson times.
One initial factor that should be established from the first day of meeting should be that of the rules. If students are aware but not fearful of the rules of the classroom, it will be less likely to be a negative situation. Students should be aware of what is expected of them, when they are allowed to speak and how to be considerate of others while speaking, the usage of their native language, and so forth. A clear understanding of what is to be expected helps keep the students on track while offering some guidance. Everyone is there to learn and the structure of a classroom is definitely an important key to its management.
The overall goal of teaching english
to speakers of other languages is to hone and improve their skills in the various areas of language acquisition. The main points to remember are that the learning experience should be fun and interesting to keep the students interest high. The classroom should be full of materials of proper language level and tools to help them in their education. The teacher should always be available to the students for questions and the classroom should be taught in a manner that is respectful, fun, enlightening, and challenging enough to ensure their success. Classroom management means using all of one’s tools to provide the best education possible to the students.