English TESOL

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This is how our TEFL graduates feel they have gained from their course, and how they plan to put into action what they learned:

K.B. South Korea said:
Classroom management
In order to teach the students effectively and for students to learn effectively it is important for the teacher to be able to manage the class well. The teacher needs to inspire confidence in the students and must know when to be aggressive and when to make the students feel comfortable in the classroom by leaving them alone. Good teachers need to be flexible and should know when to change his/her role according to the situation or activity without being too aggressive and dominant. Teachers should prevent students from feeling confused and uncertain. In order to successfully manage the classroom the teacher needs to effectively use his/her physical presence and voice. First of all, good eye contact in the classroom is crucial to developing a good rapport with the students. A teacher who avoids eye contact with the students will seem to lack confidence and therefore would have problems with discipline. On the other hand, staring at students will make them feel pressured and uncomfortable. Eye contact should be used in the following ways: to show students that they are involved in the lesson, to encourage contributions, to indicate who is to speak, to signal students to start, stop, or get a move on, to indicate that something is correct or incorrect, and to check everybody is participating. It should also be noted that eye contact should be avoided during any activity which is not teacher-centered. Also, the teacher’s gesture can also be used effectively to control and manage the classroom. The teacher should use gestures to convey the meaning of the language, to manage the class, to add visual interest, to increase the pace of the lesson, and to reduce the need for verbal explanation. The voice of the teacher is also very important in the classroom. In order to make the teacher’s instructions/explanations understandable and clear, the teacher needs to speak with the correct clarity, range, and a variety of projection. The teacher’s voice must change according to the different circumstances. For example, you would obviously need to have a greater projection in your voice if you are teaching a large and noisy classroom as opposed to a small and quiet classroom. Because the class often follows the lead of the teacher, the teacher should be able to liven up or quiet down the classroom by controlling the volume of his/her voice. A good teacher knows how to effectively group the students in different methods. The teacher should know how to be flexible with the classroom and shouldn’t feel limited to the way he/she can group the students. Teachers should be able to come up with activities that are geared towards the whole class, students working alone, pairs and larger groups because each has its own advantage in the classroom. The teacher should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of each grouping method and should use accordingly. Classroom arrangement is also important for good classroom management. The teacher needs to acknowledge that the way in which the teacher assigns and organizes the position of the students is important. The way in which you organize the arrangement mostly depends on the availability of space, type of chairs/tables, age and nationality of the students, and student personality. Some of the classroom arrangement styles that are available are orderly rows, circles and horseshoes, and separate tables. The teacher’s position in the classroom is of great importance in teaching the students effectively. The position of the teacher in the classroom can tell the students what kind of activity it is, what the teacher’s role will be, and what the students are expected to do. You should position yourself effectively in accordance to what you what your students to do. In addition to all of these characteristics, a good teacher needs to be able teach with a balance of teacher talking time (TTT) and student talking time (STT). This balance will largely depend on what kind of lesson/activity and on the level of the students. In the classroom, the teacher should speak more when presenting, checking, modeling or clarifying, providing language input, giving instructions, setting up activities, and establishing rapport. The teacher should be familiar with the advantages and disadvantages of TTT.