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This unit covers the teaching of pronunciation and phonology. These terms are sometimes used interchangeably, but phonology is a more detailed study of the physical properties of sounds. This is a difficult area for the student to master, as pronunciation is very dependent on what and how the person is trying to communicate. Only through learning the standard rules and then practicing different ways of using the words to communicate/emphasize different meanings will the student develop their own style.
When learning pronunciation there are different aspects to consider, intonation (the rise and fall of the pitch and volume of the voice to convey different meanings), and stressing different words (HE didn't do it, vs. he DIDN'T do it). The written language can often differ to how the phase is spoken, often with contractions or linking words together.
Different sounds are produced through slight variations of mechanics of the mouth. Mouth shape, where the tongue is placed, how the breath is used are all key aspects of this. Teaching this to students can be done by modelling mouth shape, looking at mouth diagrams, or by trying tongue twisters.
The phonemic symbols help a student to understand how a word would sound (vs. how it is written). A dictionary with the phonetic pronunciation is quite useful to help with this.