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TESOL Videos - Coursebooks and Materials - Authentic and Created Materials
Just to finish the sectional materials, we'll have a look the difference between what are called authentic and created materials. Authentic materials, as the name implies, are actual materials that are created for any reason outside of the classroom. So examples of authentic materials would be things like newspapers. Those are generated for the general public and they're certainly not generated for the use in the classroom. However, they can be used within the classroom other ideas would be things like songs and poems and even things such as brochures and magazines and indeed menus from restaurants. So these are materials that all can be used within the classroom but they have not been created for that purpose, whereas creative materials, as the name implies, have been produced purely and simply to be used in the classroom. Examples of these would be flashcards, crosswords that have been created within the teaching material that we've got and at a lower level than crosswords we have things like word search and we could also include things such as picture stories, roleplay cards and games. In terms of the materials that you use in the classroom, what we should try to do is to create a good balance of authentic versus creative materials. Authentic materials have certain advantages in that because they are real, the students tend to give them a little bit more value than those that have been created. So try to have a balance of authentic and creative materials within your activities.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit discussed teaching special groups, such as young learners, multilingual groups, and business English learners. Since I can't be sure what age or for what reason I'll be teaching English, it's important to know the different dynamics of teaching different groups. For example, young learners learn well from games and activities, and repetition, and as a teacher I'll have to be sure to speak slowly so students have a chance to understand, and not be afraid to use mime and gestures to enrich the experience for my students and help them to learn and understand. Multilingual groups often only have English as the common language, so there's an advantage in that English is the only way students can communicate with one another. Business English learners need to learn English for their jobs, and will need to learn professional language and technical terms, as well as teaching skills in areas such as presentations. Since there are many possible types of students that may be learning English, it's an advantage to have mental preparation and some exposure to the different types of classes to help ease anxiety. It's important to remember that English learners have some form of motivation for learning English. Business learners need it for work purposes, multilingual groups are learning English because they're living in an English speaking country (usually), and young learners, while likely aren't learning English from their own motivation, are learning from the motivation of their parents, and as a teacher it will be my job to encourage that motivation in them.