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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Continuous - Overview
Now, let's take a look at the present continuous tense. The continuous tense is used to talk about actions in progress at the time of speaking or around the time of speaking. The first thing to notice with the continuous tense is that we must use the verb plus '-ing' form, also known as the present participle. You'll see it in any continuous tense, especially with the present continuous. We have three different forms of this tense. First, we have the subject 'I' used with 'am teaching'. Then, we have 'you', 'we' and 'they are teaching'. Finally, we've got 'he', 'she' 'it is teaching'. The 'am', 'are' and 'is' are forms of the verb 'to be' and here with this tense is used as an auxiliary verb or a helping verb. In order to form negative sentences, we simply add the word 'not' between our helping verb and our main verb plus '-ing'. To form the questions for the present continuous tense, again what we've done, is inverted our helping verbs and our subjects resulting in questions like 'Am i teaching?' 'Are you teaching?' and 'Is he teaching?'.
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UNIT 5 MANAGING CLASSES. -CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT:CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IS THE SKILL OF ORGANISING AND MANAGING THE CLASS,HAVING A FRIENDLY,RELAXED MANNER AND MAINTAINING DISCIPLINE. 1 EYE CONTACT,GESTURE AND THE VOICE - HOW CAN EYE CONTACT BE USED THE THE CLASSROOM:EYE CONTACT CAN BE USED IN THE CLASSROOM TO ENCOURAGE CONTRIBUTIONS AND TO MAINTAIN DISCIPLINE. -GESTURE HELPS TO CONVEY MEANING. -THE VOICE -USING STUDENTS NAMES:WE CAN USE THE STUDENT'S NAME TO GET THE STUDENT'S ATTENTION 2 GROUPING STUDENTS -WHOLE CLASS GROUPING-PROS AND CONS -STUDENTS WORKING ON THEIR OWN-PROS AND CONS -PAIRWORK - PROS AND CONS -GROUPWORK - PROS AND CONS GENERALLY WE CAN USE THIS FOUR METHODS TO GROUP STUDENTS OF A PARTICULAR CLASS. 3 CLASSROOM ARRANGEMENT:IN ARRANGING A CLASS CONSIDER THIS FOUR POINTS; -SPACE AVAILABLE -AGE OF STUDENTS -NATIONALITY -STUDENT PERSONALITY 4 WRITING ON THE BOARD -AS A TEACHER MAKE SURE YOU ALWAYS HAVE A CHALK,BOARD PENS AND ERASERS TO HAND. 5 GIVING INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION -I LEARNT THAT IT IS NECESSARY TO INCLUDE ALL STUDENTS EQUALLY IN ANY ACTIVITY. 6 TEACHER TALKING TIME AND STUDENT TALKING TIME - TO AVOID UNNECESSARY TEACHER TALKING TIME THE TEACHER SHOULD USE MIME,GESTURES OR PICTURES.TEACHERS SHOULD KEEP THEIR CLASS WORK SIMPLE. 7 GIVING INSTRUCTIONS. -USE SIMPLE LANGUAGE TO GIVE INSTRUCTIONS IN CLASS -BE CONSISTENT -USE VISUAL CLUES -CHECK THE INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN TO STUDENTS BY ASKING QUESTIONS.MAKING SURE THEY UNDERSTAND CLEARLY 8 ESTABLISHING RAPPORT -BE POSITIVE IN ALL YOU DO -GIVE CLEAR INSTRUCTIONS 9 MAINTAINING DISCIPLINE:IT DEPENDS ON FACTORS LIKE AGE OF THE STUDENT,CLASS SIZE AND RESPECT BETWEEN STUDENTS AND TEACHERS. -REASONS FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR. -PREVENTING PROBLEM BEHAVIOR. -RESPONDING TO PROBLEM BEHAVIOR.