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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Simple - Teaching Ideas
Here's a teaching idea that focuses on two very specific aspects of the present simple tense, one of which will be making statements about a habit and a routine. The other will be conjugating the verb into the 'he', 'she' or 'it' form. Here we'll present students with a picture. They will see various objects in the picture. Based upon the presence of these objects in someone's room, the students will have to make an observation such as 'She drinks coffee,' 'She plays the guitar,' 'She watches television,' 'She doesn't smoke.' Again, it's very specific used for the 'he', 'she' or 'it' form and habits and routines. At the end of the activity, the teacher will have the pairs or the small groups report back their various findings. Another idea for the present simple tense will be the classic '20 questions'. The teacher could frame this into the context of 'What's my job?' 'Who am I?' or even 'What am I?' for objects. In order to set this activity up, the teacher will ask a student to come to the front of the room and the teacher will give him or her a card. For jobs, the card will obviously have jobs such as doctor or architect or even teacher. From that, the students will have to ask questions to find out the person's job. These typical questions might be 'Do you work Monday through Friday?' 'Do you work in an office?' 'Do you work with people?' The student at the front of the room will also be answering with present simple short answers 'Yes, I do.' 'No, I don't.' The teacher will give a time limit for each student at the front of the room, perhaps two minutes. At the end of those two minutes, the students in the room will be asking 'Are you a doctor?' 'Are you an architect?' or even 'Are you a teacher?' hopefully by the end of those two minutes, based upon the information given, the students will be able to guess what that job was. The same can also be done for famous people. 'Who am I?' Of course that famous person would still have to be alive, as, have they passed away, we would speak about them in the past tense. You can also use it for objects as well.
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Teaching aids can include: ? White/blackboard and interactive whiteboards ? Overhead projectors ? Visual Aids ? Worksheets ? CDs and videos ? Video recorders ? Dictionaries ? Course books ? Resource books ? Online resources ? Computers The board. ? The board should look organised. It is useful to plan the board on paper beforehand. ? Try to section out the board for different purposes ? Use different colours, underlining and/or circling to emphasise different points. ? Make sure writing can be read from the back of the class ? Only put essential or requested information on the board and erase what is no longer needed ? Avoid unnecessary capitalisation ? Bear in mind that students will often note down everything on the board ? Involve students in writing process Interactive whiteboards (IWB) ? Have a backup plan in case the technology fails ? Make sure the boards is in a location where all the students can see it clearly and has good lighting ? Don?t rely on the school to provide training on how to use, take the time to learn how to use it. ? IWB lesson planning can take a long time. ? Avoid over-complicating IWB lesson plans ? IWBs can be used as a screen to show a PowerPoint presentation Overhead Projectors (OHP) ? OHPs can focus student attention ? They can be prepared in advance so teachers don?t have to turn their back to the students ? They can be used for timed reading, gap fill exercises etc. ? Student work can be copied onto overhead transparencies (OHT) to provide feedback in class. ? OHTs can be used repeatedly and can ensure content is legible ? Classrooms need to be of sufficient size, have a suitable surface and organised to the OHPs are effective.