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TESOL Videos - Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - International Phonetic Alphabet
A better way to go about imparting how to make sounds or what sounds are utilized in a word, is this international phonemic alphabet. Now we have as mentioned one symbol being used in all the words which share that same sound. Now once we get a little bit more familiar with our phonemic alphabet we can also show how different our different sounds can be as in this symbol for ?ooh?, this symbol for ?ow? and this symbol for ?uh?.
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In this unit I have learned about the main ideas and focuses that we must have as teachers for our first lesson. During this first lesson, we should focus on building rapport, get to know our students needs and interests and the students language level. Listening carefully to identify the strengths and weaknesses of all of our students. I have also learned the difference between a new group and an existing group. A new group is new to the ideas and methodologies of EFL and most likely do not know each other. In an existing group the students will be familiar with EFL teaching and will most likely know each other. I have also learned a few more ideas on how to work with large groups. Individual exercises are useful, use of pair and group work, as well as selecting group leaders to help with passing out and collecting worksheets and help to control their smaller group. When dealing with groups with different language levels, we can either continue normally or break up the groups according to higher and lower levels. We can work through one theme with both groups and give each group a different level of difficulty to work through. Or we can continue with normal planning, pairing a strong student with a weak student. An advantage of doing it this way is that the stronger student can help the weaker student through the activities and the stronger student can strength their skills assisting in teaching the concepts and ideas. A disadvantage of doing this is that the strong students can become bored and the weaker students may feel frustration for lack of understanding.