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TESOL Videos - The Past Tenses - Past Perfect - Structure and Usages
This video is part of our series on the past tenses in English. In this video, we take a look at the past perfect tense. This tense is used to talk about a past action and a related past action before that. We relate two past actions to each other.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This unit is about lesson planning. There is no absolute answer to the question whether it?s worth planning lesson or not. On the one hand lesson planning makes the lesson rigid and stops the teacher being flexible to the students needs. But it?s very helpful for inexperienced teachers. There are some important functions of lesson planning, such as: an aid to planning ? the teacher can time her lesson in relation to structuring it logically; a working document ? it helps you to keep on target and refer to during the lesson, and it doesn?t prevent the teacher from being flexible; a record ? recording class content is very helpful if you?re ill and another teacher has to cover your classes, or you just need to refer to the material you gave six months ago. There?s no generally accepted lesson plan. Teachers may write formal plans, jot notes, log details into class notebooks. Each teacher has their own way. But there are some basic principles of lesson planning, among them: keep it simple, keep flexible, structure it and maintain the main structure, etc. To be sure that the lesson will go smoothly the teacher herself should be organized. For example, the teacher should check her lesson plan, lay out the materials, check that equipment works, etc. As to components of lesson planning there should be learning objectives, personal aim, language point, teaching aids, anticipated problems, procedure, phase, timing, interaction, class level, number of students, date/time, teacher?s and observer?s names.