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TESOL Videos - English Grammar Overview - Parts of Speech - Adverbs
Now, let's move on to our adverbs. Rather than describing nouns, our adverbs describe our verbs. There are four types of adverbs when describing verbs. They are manner. These describe how things are done. Two examples are: quickly, cleverly. We have adverbs of place, describing where the action happened. Two examples are: here or there. We also have adverbs of time, describing when the action happened, two examples being now or recently. Finally, we have our adverbs of frequency telling us how often the action happens, two examples being often or never. There's also another type of adverb but here, we're going to describe adjectives or other adverbs instead of verbs themselves. These are called adverbs of degree. If we were to take the adjective "intelligent", we could easily say "He's very intelligent," "She's really intelligent," "They're quite intelligent," or "he's extremely intelligent." Now, for other adverbs, we could use the adverb "quickly": "He ran very quickly," "She ran really quickly," "They ran quite quickly," or "He ran extremely quickly."
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Unit 14 covers the topic of coursebook and lesson materials. The two types of lesson materials used are authentic and created materials. Authentic materials may not be suitable for students in the beginner level until they achieve enough knowledge of English that will allow them to find the authentic materials helpful. This is because authentic materials consist of anything that native speakers can hear or read such as movies, newspaper, or music. Created materials are useful for students of all levels because the teacher can use them to make lessons more creative while replacing or supplementing materials from the coursebook. Examples of created materials are flashcards, crossword puzzles, and role-play cards. As for coursebooks there are both positives and negatives to using them. Some of the positives in regards to using a coursebook includes structure by providing a syllabus, a balanced mix of grammar and vocabulary, and a sense of security for the teachers and students. On the other hand, the overuse of coursebooks can make the class too boring and repetitive, at times may not assess the needs of the students, and could be displeasing for the students and teacher if the coursebook is outdated. While keeping the advantages and disadvantages in mind the teacher should utilize it for maximum results. To gain the best usage of a coursebook the teacher should not use it throughout the entire lesson. Instead, the teacher should explore ways to match the book with other materials and specialize it to the needs of the students. The teacher should also research to book and plan ahead about which lessons will follow th book while others may need to be adjusted to fit the needs of the students. It is all about creating a balanced lesson in order for the students understand the material.