"Like" us to connect with other students, watch videos, see job offers and even get special discounts.
TESOL Videos - Pronunciation and phonology in the EFL Classroom - Intonation
Whereas stress is typically concerned with one individual word, intonation is generally concerned with the variation in volume and pitch throughout an entire sentence. Intonation carries the message of a sentence. It's particularly important when questioning or agreeing, disagreeing and confirming statements. It's also very important when expressing emotions and feelings. The normal pattern for intonation is the rise-fall. Few examples would be ?I haven't seen him for a week,? or a simple word as ?okay?. With the falling intonation, we?re indicating that we're finished speaking. Again, ?I haven't seen him for a week? and ?okay?. A few more examples would be ?I'll see you at six then,? or a question of information ?How do you spell rough?? These are straightforward statements that indicate that we're finished speaking and that we don't necessarily need an immediate response. Our second pattern is rather easily recognizable because it's not used as often and that is the fall-rise pattern. This indicates surprise and often disagreement but above all it indicates that the speaker wants a person to respond or confirm. We could sarcastically say, ?You don't really mean that do you?? There I've said, ?You don't really mean that do you?? I'm obviously indicating that I need a response there. You could also say ?Are you ready yet?? Again, it needs a response it's perhaps a little agitated but it's our other fall- rise pattern. ?Are you ready yet?? You could also have a sarcastic question such as ?Are you serious?? We are definitely indicating a surprise and we also need a response but it's a rather sarcastic question rather than a straightforward question where we use the rise-fall pattern. Finally, we do have our flat intonation and our flat intonation basically sends a message that we really are uninterested or not very concerned. These are the flat intonations of a simple just ?Hello.? We could say it with our rise-fall pattern ?Hello!? or we could say it ?Hello.? Either way, they're all different but the flat pattern indicates I'm really not too interested. The fall rise pattern of ?Hello? sort of indicates that I need a response back and then again the standard ?Hello? is just our standard rise-fall pattern.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
I learned in Unit 5 how to use,effectively, the classroom setting by seating arrangement solutions. such as how and why the horseshoe shape works for smaller classes oppose to separate tables. I needed to learn this because sometimes my classes vary in size and age. I also learned about the many ways to organize a classroom for activities and task such as groupwork, pairwork, and whole group activities, also when and why to use theses methods. This unit was very helpful because as a teacher I tend to get lost in how to arrange the classroom during task and study work. I learned to talk less and when talking use clear, concise language, and instruction that is below the level of the students. I learned that I can use gesturing which will reduce even more of my talk time. I also found ways to work with dominating students, I learned how to utilize these advance students to help my weaker students by simply pairing them up. This year I struggled trying to figure out a way get my students attention when they are checking their phones or when they are discussing something quietly in pairs while instruction is going on. I now understand that by giving them eye contact, asking the distracted student to please repeat the task I had just given, and saying their name at the end of the question is one way to tackle this ongoing problem. It brings the student's attention back to the class, they get to have some talk time and the student will be clear about the task that was explained earlier. This seemed like a simple unit in the beginning but in the end, it wasn't. Classroom management is an art, and is learned through implementing these methods and solutions.