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TESOL Videos - Theories, Methods & Techniques of Teaching - Audio Lingualism
So what we're going to do is to run through a series of methodologies that were created mainly in the 1900s that adopted the idea that language learning should be much more communicative, much more natural. The first one is called audiolingualism and it's also called the army method because of where it was developed. Basically, psychology, during the 1950s and 60s, was building up new theories about behaviorism. Perhaps the most famous experiments that were done in this particular area were by Pavlov, where he was showing that most animals undergo a stimulus response mechanism and he had a series of famous experiments, where by ringing a bell, he could cause a dog to salivate, that would be his response, in the expectation of getting some food. This behaviorist idea of stimulus response was put into an actual teaching methodology. Basically, in the audiolingualism method these two parts of the name tell us what actually happens. "Audio" is to listen and lingual is to repeat. So what we do is a series of drills and these intensive verbal drills help us to get the use of the particular language.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
In Unit 19 topics of Teaching special groups were introduced, specifically Beginners; Individuals; Children; Business English/English for Specific Purposes (ESP), and Monolingual/Multilingual class. Beginners can include Absolute beginner; False beginner; Adult beginner; Young beginner, and Beginner without Roman Alphabet. Students may belong to more than one of the categories. Individuals, or one-on-one lessons are increasing as students feel they can receive more personalised lessons which caters to their specific needs in English learning. The lessons would be more intense and focused, but the one-on-one dynamics also restricts on group activities. Children are innately curious, which is a great motivator, but they also have short attention spans. Teachers can reduce fear of making mistakes by improving children's self-esteem with patient repetition, positive encouragement, and frequent praises. Business English/English for Specific Purposes (ESP) are also on the rise. Teachers should be aware knowledge in their client's field is not necessary, though welcomed. In Business English settings the clients often have very specific needs individually for their profession, performing a 'needs analysis' at the start of the course is recommended. Monolingual and Multilingual classrooms have different advantages.In a monolingual class where the students all share the same native language, they are prone to have the same difficulties with English so weaknesses are easier to address. They also can help each other by explaining in their native language. Multilingual classroom students are from various different backgrounds, which makes mutual support and explanations more difficult, but at the same time they will be forced to communicate in the common language - English.