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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Simple Negatives and Questions
For statements in the negative form, what we have to do is add the auxiliary verb 'to do'. For subjects 'I', 'you', 'we' and 'they', we simply leave 'do' as 'do', use the word 'not', and keep the base form of the verb now for the negative statements. However, for 'he', 'she' and 'it', we have to conjugate our auxiliary verb into 'does'. We still use 'not' and we still keep the base form of the verb. The pattern performing questions is very very similar to the pattern performing negative statements. However, what we've done is invert our subject and our auxiliary verb so that the questions read the auxiliary verb first. Of course, again, we use 'do' for 'I', 'you', 'we' and 'they' and use 'does' for 'he', 'she' and 'it'. In both cases, we've left our verb form as the base form of the verb as there's no need to change it.
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During this unit I studied modals, relatives, phrasal verbs, and passive voice ? as well as some of the nuances associated with them. Modals are especially nuanced, as many modals can have similar usages (such as expressing certainty) but still imply slight differences (I am 95% certain or I am 50% certain). Previously, I felt that modals were the most easy (and in some cases the most fun) grammar point to teach? However, I see now and it could be very difficult for students to pick up on such nuances. It is best to take modals one step at a time, so as not to overwhelm the students. In regards to the relative clauses, it is arguably easier to identify a defining or non-defining clause in a correctly written sentence. However, knowing whether you are writing a defining or non-defining clause (and thus knowing whether to use commas or not) can be more difficult for students. When studying passive voice, I realized I may have been accidentally using it before students had learned it! Specifically when teaching them present perfect. Maybe, since both use the past participle, I do not immediately notice the difference between a past-perfect active and passive voice sentence, and thus accidentally include some passive voice sentences in the mix! This has certainly thrown off students in the past, and I should be more cognizant of it in the future. Finally, I have definitely avoided phrasal verbs. Prior to this unit I have felt they are not only confusing but unnecessary ? thus why bother teaching them? However, I realize we do use phrasal verbs frequently in casual English conversation, and even in the classroom! (e.g. ?Please turn in your homework?). As advised, I should not be afraid (or avoid) teaching phrasal verbs.