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TESOL Videos - Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Simple Form
We'll begin our examination of all the tenses by first looking at the present tense. There are four present tenses and we'll begin with the present simple tense. It's the most common tense in the English language as it talks about things in general, general facts, routines, habits. Those are usages that we'll look at in a little while but first let's focus on the form of the tense. Here, we've got our subjects 'I', 'you', 'we', 'they' and the base form of the verb followed by the rest of our sentence. Here for the 'he', 'she' and 'it' subjects, we have to conjugate our verb and in this case we've added an '-es' for 'teaches' followed by the rest of our sentence. With subjects 'I', 'you', 'we' and 'they' the pattern stays the same throughout we use the base form of the verb. However, with subjects 'he', 'she' and 'it' we have some patterns for verb conjugations that we need to have a look at.
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This unit covered the different kinds of lesson materials, including a lesson plan, and how they are used in the classroom. There are two types of material: authentic and non-authentic. Authentic material is any material that is not made specifically for learning and the classroom and can include brochures, memos, newspaper articles, and much more. Non-authentic materials are made for English learners and for use in the classroom. There are disadvantages to each, so it is important to know how to approach each kind of material. Authentic material must be carefully checked over to determine the level and make sure the material is engaging, culturally and socially appropriate, and relevant to the lesson point. Non-authentic material should be made as authentic as possible, particularly with Business English. Lesson plans are important to have, but they are just a plan and should be flexible and open to change depending on the student's various needs and on what happens within the lessons. Lesson plans should contain as much information as possible, because it should be a document that would help a substitute teacher effectively take over your class. For Business English, there are book resources as well as resources on the internet. This field of English has really grown so more and more book resources are becoming available for purely Business English. There are two categories of these: the first focuses on language and the lessons are shaped around English, and the second presents the business situations first. The web is also another good place to look for materials, particularly authentic materials from companies that your students can use in the classroom - just be sure to check copyright laws on anything that you use.