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TESOL Videos - Pronunciation and Phonology in the EFL Classroom - Manner of Articulation Pt. 2
Now let's take a look at our fricatives. As the name indicates, especially in the beginning there we have a friction going on in the vocal tract and that's basically what we're dealing with mostly. There are a number of fricative sounds and they're made by placing two vocal organs together and making them vibrate to a point, which is audible. We have nine of these sounds and then move from the front to the back of the vocal tract. Let's take a look here in the front of the mouth we have two sounds, which involve our lips. Those two sounds are ?f? and ?v?. The only difference between those two sounds is that one is voiced and the other is not. Regardless we do involve our lips and they are the furthest front of the vocal tract with our fricatives. Again those sounds are ?f? and ?v?. Moving just a bit further back we're involving our tongue and our teeth. Those are the TH sounds and we're putting our tongue in between our teeth and those two bits of the vocal tract are vibrating together. They're the voiced and unvoiced TH sounds and those are ?th? and ?th?. You can even feel the friction as it goes on. Again those are ?th? and ?th? sounds. Now moving a bit further back in the mouth we have our friction, which comes from the middle of our mouth. Those sounds we have four of them are ?s? and ?z?. Those two sounds are made in the same manner and in the same place and here we have an instance where again one is voiced and the other is not. First the unvoiced ?s? and the voiced ?z?. Our second set of sounds within this part of our vocal tract are ?sh? and ?j?. Again, very similar sounds same place, same manner of articulation, the only difference is that one is voiced, while the other is not. Let's look at the unvoiced and the voiced. Then, we have our sound that is into the back and that is in the glottis it's the H or the ?h? sound. That aspiration becomes a lot more audible when we have what are called the glottal languages being German to a certain extent Dutch and certainly our Arabic languages.
This is what one of our TEFL graduates feels he has gained from the course, or a part of it, and how he plans to put into action what he has learned.
This is was a bit new to me as a teacher because I thought a course is just a course book. It has opened up my understanding especially on the authentic and created materials. It will be more careful while choosing coursebooks and I will also try my best to use them the correct way.I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I do not understand why the questions are so specific. I am frustrated. I think I am going to fail this class. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated. I am frustrated.This is a good lesson because it breaks down the materials and equipment that a teacher can and may be required to use in a classroom. It also highlights the positives and negatives of each and guides the teacher as to where would be the most appropriate situations to use each item.