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TESOL Videos - How to Pronounce 'ARMADA' - English Pronunciation
In this episode, we cover the pronunciation of the word armada. This word refers to a large fleet of warships. The word has been in use ever since the Spanish naval forces lost against England in 1588.
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There is a wide variety of teaching methods that may be employed, ranging from the traditional grammar-translation method that focuses on direct comparison between the students' L1 and the target language (English in this case). The method one might choose to use will depend on the personality of the teacher, the particular lesson goals, the level of the students, and the culture of the students. In general, however, the ESA (Engage-Study-Activate) method has been shown to be particularly effective. This may be implemented in the 'straight arrow' sense, whereby the teacher engages the students, helps them to study the lesson point, and then allows them to activate it. Alternatively, the boomerang or patchwork methods might be more appropriate, whereby the order is varied and repeated so that the lessons may be more interesting and less uniform, and thus more likely to keep the students' attention. As the students need to feel comfortable in order for true learning to take place and so as to not develop negative associations with the target language, games and other fun-related activities are good methods for getting the students -- especially if they are younger or at lower stages of learning -- involved in the task of learning the new language. Furthermore, while corrections are indeed helpful, they should not be given out too freely or else the students might become discourages. Corrections should only be given at an appropriate time when it will not interrupt the flow of language production, and when the error is relevant, recurring, or impeding comprehension for the student or his/her classmates.